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The Health and Safety at Work Act is the... I would call it the big daddy of health and safety legislation in this country. And I always think of the Health and Safety at Work Act of 1974 like a big umbrella, and then underneath the umbrella, you have got all the different regulations that are there to keep us safe in the workplace. Within Manual Handling, there are some key regulations that we need to talk about. Before I do, I would just like to mention the Health and Safety at Work Act, and that puts responsibilities on the employer and the employee. For the employer, for instance, where there has been an assessment done, the employer needs to provide equipment under this Act. They need to make sure that there is a safe environment. They need to provide adequate training for the staff. We could go on forever saying what the employer needs to do. Equally, the employee has responsibilities, which is, they need to attend their training, and not only attend but put into practice what they have learned on the training. They also need to use the equipment safely, which has been provided for them to use. And then make sure that they have got a safe environment.

Underneath this Health and Safety at Work Act, we have the regulations. The Manual Handling regulations for me would be the first one would be the Manual Handling Operations Regulations of '92, and it has since been revised. After that, we have got PUWER and LOLER. PUWER is the Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations, and LOLER is the Lifting Operations Lifting Equipment Regulations which we will be discussing at a later time. Getting back to the Health and Safety at Work Act, wherever we see Act in the title, that means that is the law. It has gone through Parliament and it has become law. So if we break the law, the consequences are, we could be fined, or ultimately we could be imprisoned. So we need to make sure that we are abiding by the Law within the Health and Safety at Work Act.