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I do not think we can do a Moving and Handling of People course without mentioning the controversial moves. A few years ago, they used to be called banned and unsafe lifting techniques. And then there was a court case and things changed after this court case, and we now call them the controversial manoeuvres or the controversial lifts. And really, when I do a training course with people on the course, I normally say to these people, "We should only use the controversial manoeuvres in times of an emergency." And then we have got a question, "Well, what is an emergency?" Well, an emergency is literally life and death. So if a person is dying on the floor, and you need to actually get them away from danger, then you might have to use a controversial lift. If by any chance, it is just being used in practice without any thought to more safe practice, and something was to happen to either the carer or to the person being cared for, then there would be huge questions asked and it might even end up in the courts, as so many of these cases have done. So what is a controversial lift?

Well, there is many, many, many of them; there is a lot. And because I have worked in care most of my life, I was trained on how to use the controversial lifts many years ago. So it was something that we actually did in practice, but thankfully, it has all changed now. We do not use them at all. So a controversial lift is something that you are going to do to somebody that could cause the carer harm or it could cause the person being moved harm as well. And some of them are where you get hold of somebody from under the arms, we call this a drag lift, and the drag lift is where you get hold of somebody under the arms and you lift them from the floor, or the chair, the bed, wherever. And what it is causing, it causes damage on the shoulder joint and it causes skin damage on the areas that is on the floor or the bed. And it is actually... The Royal College of Nurses actually said that it is a form of abuse. And actually, the Royal College of Nurses said in 1981 that the drag lift should be banned. So it is a long time ago, 1981, but unfortunately, we are still seeing it in practice sometimes.

Another controversial lift is where we get hold of the person underneath their legs and perhaps under their arms, and we lift them. And if you think of the basic principles, the safe principles of manual handling, we have done it all wrong in the first place because we are actually bending our backs and we are lifting the whole of a person's body weight with our backs, which is not a good thing. There are lifts where you are getting hold of somebody while they are sitting in the chair and you are pulling them by their arms to get out of the chair. Again, this can cause shoulder damage and elbow damage, especially if the person is frail. Another thing, another lift, is where you are getting hold of somebody, they are putting their arms around your back, and you are lifting them like this. Here there could be a point where you might fall over. So there is many more, and what I would say as a trainer, it is really good to get the book, The Guide to the Handling of People, or equally, look on the website, ProTrainings's website, and all the information is on there.